www.archive-dk-2012.com » DK » G » GAMBIA

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".

    Archived pages: 183 . Archive date: 2012-11.

  • Title: The Gambia Resource Page
    Descriptive info: ..

    Original link path: /
    Open archive

  • Title:
    Descriptive info: Note: in order for this navigation frame to work, you must be using Netscape or MSIE version 3 or higher, and Javascript must be turned on..

    Original link path: /blank.html
    Open archive

  • Title: The Gambia Resource Page
    Descriptive info: The Smile of West Africa.. Welcome to.. The Gambia Resource Page.. , a rich despository of information related to this small West African country.. Use the frame at the left to navigate through this site, or use the.. frameless text only menu..

    Original link path: /toc_welcome.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: The Gambia Resource Page
    Descriptive info: Welcome to The Gambia Resource Page, a rich despository of information related to this small West African country.. Background information.. Facts and figures.. EIU country reports.. Encyclopedia information.. History.. Gambian National Anthem.. Language.. Mandinka and Wolof materials.. Word-search games.. Research resources.. GIS data (maps).. Atlas of The Gambia.. Gambian bibliography.. NGO directory.. Demographic profile.. Map clipart.. Other online  ...   photo album.. Gambian recipes.. Chase the monkey game.. Traditional proverb player.. Education.. Gambian schools.. Peace Corps Scholarship Fund.. Winning scholarships in the US.. Resources for teachers.. Tourism.. Tourism message board.. Hotels.. Tourism ethics.. Protected areas.. Concern.. tourism magazine.. Guidebooks and articles.. Other web sites.. About this site.. Guestbook.. Goals and Aims.. Volunteers needed.. Usage stats.. Site history.. Custom Search..

    Original link path: /toc_home.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: The World Fact Page
    Descriptive info: Facts and Figures About The Gambia.. Taken from.. The World Factbook.. Background:.. The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia with Senegal between 1982 and 1989.. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty.. A military coup in 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a new 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule.. The country undertook another round of presidential and legislative elections in late 2001 and early 2002.. Location:.. 13 28 N, 16 34 W -- Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal.. Flag.. Description:.. three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green.. Geography.. Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal.. Geographic coordinates:.. 13 28 N, 16 34 W.. Map references:.. Africa.. Area:.. total area:.. 11,300 sq km.. land area:.. 10,000 sq km.. comparative area:.. slightly more than twice the size of Delaware.. Land boundaries:.. total:.. 740 km.. border country:.. Senegal 740 km.. Coastline:.. 80 km.. Maritime claims:.. contiguous zone:.. 18 nm.. continental shelf:.. not specified.. exclusive fishing zone:.. 200 nm.. territorial sea:.. 12 nm.. International disputes:.. None.. Climate:.. tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May).. Terrain:.. flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills.. lowest point:.. Atlantic Ocean 0 m.. highest point:.. unnamed location 53 m.. Natural resources:.. fish.. Land use:.. arable land: 19%.. permanent crops: 1%.. other: 80% (1998 est.. ).. Irrigated land:.. 20 sq km (1998 est.. Environment:.. current issues:.. deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent.. natural hazards:.. rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years.. international agreements:.. party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Desertification.. Geographic note:.. almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa.. Population:.. 1,641,564 (July 2006 est.. ).. Age structure:.. 0-14 years:.. 44.. 3% (male 365,157/female 361,821).. 15-64 years:.. 53% (male 431,627/female 438,159).. 65 years and over:.. 2.. 7% (male 22,889/female 21,911) (2006 est.. Population growth rate:.. 84% (2006 est.. Birth rate:.. 39.. 37 births/1,000 population (2006 est.. Death rate:.. 12.. 25 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.. Net migration rate:.. 1.. 29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.. Sex ratio:.. at birth:.. 03 male(s)/female.. under 15 years:.. 01 male(s)/female.. 0.. 99 male(s)/female.. 05 male(s)/female.. total population:.. 1 male(s)/female (2006 est.. Infant mortality rate:.. total:.. 71.. 58 deaths/1,000 live births.. male:.. 78.. 06 deaths/1,000 live births.. female:.. 64.. 9 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.. Life expectancy at birth:.. 54.. 14 years.. male:.. 52.. 3 years.. 56.. 03 years (2006 est.. Total fertility rate:.. 5.. 3 children born/woman (2006 est.. HIV/AIDS.. - adult prevalence rate:.. 2% (2003 est.. HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS.. :.. 6,800 (2003 est.. - deaths:.. 600 (2003 est.. Major infectious diseases:.. degree of risk:.. very high.. food or waterborne diseases:.. bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever.. vectorborne diseases:.. dengue fever, malaria, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, yellow fever are high risks in some locations.. water contact disease:.. schistosomiasis.. respiratory disease:.. meningococcal meningitis (2005).. Nationality:.. noun:.. Gambian(s).. adjective:.. Gambian.. Ethnic divisions:.. African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%.. Religions:.. Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%.. Languages:.. English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars.. Literacy:.. definition:.. age 15 and over can read and write.. 40.. 1%.. 47.. 8%.. female:.. 32.. 8% (2003 est.. Government.. Name of country:.. conventional long form:.. Republic of The Gambia.. conventional short form:.. The Gambia.. Data code:.. GA.. Type of government:.. republic under multiparty democratic rule.. Capital:.. Banjul.. Administrative divisions:.. 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western.. Independence:.. 18 February 1965 (from UK; The Gambia and Senegal signed an agreement on 12 December 1981 that called for the creation of a loose confederation to be known as Senegambia, but the agreement was dissolved on 30 September 1989).. National holiday:.. Independence Day, 18 February (1965).. Constitution:.. 24 April 1970; suspended July 1994; rewritten and approved by national referendum 8 August 1996; reestablished in January 1997.. Legal system:.. based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations.. Suffrage:.. 18 years of age; universal.. Executive branch:.. chief  ...   The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base.. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock for its livelihood.. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides.. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from Banjul.. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts; the following two marketing seasons have seen substantially lower prices and sales.. A decline in tourism in 2000 has also held back growth.. Unemployment and underemployment rates are extremely high.. Shortrun economic progress remains highly dependent on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management as forwarded by IMF technical help and advice, and on expected growth in the construction sector.. Record crops undergirded sturdy growth in 2001.. GDP:.. purchasing power parity - $3.. 034 billion (2005 est.. GDP real growth rate:.. 5% (2005 est.. GDP per capita:.. purchasing power parity - $1,900 (2005 est.. GDP composition by sector:.. agriculture:.. 30.. industry:.. 14.. 2%.. services:.. 9% (2005 est.. Population below poverty line:.. NA%.. Household income or consumption by percentage share:.. lowest 10%: NA%.. Inflation rate (consumer prices):.. 4% (2001 est.. Labor force:.. 400,000 (1996).. by occupation:.. agriculture 75%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 6%.. Unemployment rate:.. Budget:.. revenues:.. $46.. 63 million.. expenditures:.. $62.. 66 million; including capital expenditures of $4.. 1 million (2005 est.. Industries:.. processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism; beverages; agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking; clothing.. Industrial production growth rate:.. Electricity:.. capacity:.. 30,000 kW.. production:.. 140 million kWh (2003).. Electricity - production by source:.. fossil fuel: 100%.. hydro: 0%.. other: 0% (2000).. nuclear: 0%.. consumption:.. 130.. 2 million kWh (2003).. Agriculture:.. peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats; forest and fishery resources not fully exploited.. Exports:.. $140.. 3 million f.. o.. b.. (2005 est.. commodities:.. peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels.. partners:.. India 40.. 4%, UK 18.. 2%, Indonesia 8.. 3%, Senegal 4.. 6%, Belgium 4.. 3% (2005).. Imports:.. $197 million f.. foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment.. China 21.. 3%, Senegal 11.. 3%, Cote d'Ivoire 8.. 4%, Brazil 6%, US 5.. 2%, UK 5.. 1%, Netherlands 4.. 1% (2005).. Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:.. $82 million (2005 est.. External debt:.. $628.. 8 million (2003 est.. Economic aid:.. $59.. 8 million (2003).. Currency:.. 1 dalasi (D) = 100 butut.. Exchange rates:.. dalasi per US dollar - - 30.. 38 (2005), 30.. 03 (2004), 27.. 306 (2004), 19.. 918 (2003), 15.. 687 (2002), 15.. 000 (January 2001), 12.. 788 (2000), 11.. 395 (1999), 10.. 643 (1998), 10.. 200 (1997) 9.. 555 (August 1996), 9.. 576 (1994), 9.. 129 (1993), 8.. 888 (1992), 8.. 803 (1991).. Fiscal year:.. calendar year.. Transportation.. Railways:.. 0 km.. Highways:.. 3,742 km.. paved:.. 723 km.. unpaved:.. 3,019 km (2003).. Waterways:.. 390 km (on River Gambia; small ocean-going vessels can reach 190 km) (2004).. Ports:.. Merchant marine:.. 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 32,064 GRT/9,751 DWT.. by type:.. passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 1 (2006).. Airports:.. 1.. with paved runways over 3,047 m: 1 (2001).. Communications.. Telephones - main lines in use:.. 44,000 (2005) - 31,900 (2000).. Telephones - mobile cellular:.. 247,500 (2005) - 5,624 (2000).. Telephone system:.. general assessment:.. adequate; a packet switched data network is available.. domestic:.. adequate network of microwave radio relay and open wire.. international:.. microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean).. Radio broadcast stations:.. AM 3, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001).. Radios:.. 196,000 (1997).. Television broadcast stations:.. 1 (government-owned) (1997).. Televisions:.. 5,000 (2000).. Internet country code:.. gm.. Internet Service Providers (ISPs):.. 14 (2006) - 2 (2001).. Internet users:.. 49,000 (2005) - 5,000 (2001).. Defense.. Branches:.. Gambian National Army (GNA) (includes marine unit), National Police, Presidential Guard.. Manpower availability:.. males age 18-49:.. 311,025.. females age 18-49:.. 316,214 (2005 est.. Military manpower - fit for military service.. :.. 183,057.. 194,551 (2005 est.. Military expenditures - dollar figure:.. $1.. 2 million (FY01).. Military expenditures - percent of GDP:.. 4% (2005 est.. Disputes - international:.. attempts to stem refugees, cross-border raids, arms smuggling, and other illegal activities by separatists from southern Senegal's Casamance region, as well as from conflicts in other west African states..

    Original link path: /backgrnd.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: Gambian Politics and Economy
    Descriptive info: Economist Intelligence Unit Country Reports.. Politics and economy.. First Quarter 1998.. Fourth Quarter 1997.. Second Quarter 1997.. First Quarter 1997.. Copyright © The Economist Intelligence Unit..

    Original link path: /eiu_menu.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: Encyclopedia information
    Descriptive info: Places.. Administration and social conditions..

    Original link path: /enc_menu.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: History Of The Gambia
    Descriptive info: History of The Gambia.. This page has been duplicated from The Republic of The Gambia at NiiCA.. There is no guarantee that the history mentioned in the this page is without fault.. Before.. the arrival of the Portuguese in the mid 15'th century, there was no written history of West Africa.. The historians were known as Griots who told the story their way.. They relied mostly on memory to recite history of families, clans or tribes.. Hannon the Carthaginean had referred to the Gambia while writing about his voyage to West Africa in 470B.. C.. The river Gambia was known to the Carthaginean sailors in the 5'th century B.. belonged to kingdoms which included the kingdoms of Foni, Kombo, Sine-Saloum, Niani, Wulli, and Fulladou.. Some people had migrated to that area from various parts of West Africa.. They traded with people from other kingdoms in the same region of West Africa.. Some of these kingdoms were very important, the most important were Ghana, Sohnghai and Mali Empires (between the Atlantic Ocean and the River Niger) Kanen-Bornu and the Hausa States were also important.. The Ghana empire was the earliest of these empires.. It was the most important empire between 300 and 1000 A.. D.. Islam In The Gambia.. The trade across the Sahara was carried out by Arab and Berber merchants from North West Africa.. They were Muslims: they introduced their religion and Islamic culture into the places in West Africa where they traded.. Muslim Berbers from Mauritania brought Islam to The Gambia and other areas south of Senegal.. Many local.. Rulers and elders were converted and introduced Islamic ideas and laws to their people.. Where It All Started.. - Trade With Europeans By 1500 A.. D.. , people in the area were also trading with Europeans.. The first European to reach the River Gambia was Al Viso de Cadamosto, from Vernice, Italy.. The Portuguese:.. The first Europeans to trade with Africans along the Atlantic coastline were from Portugal.. They began trading with the people of the Gambia by 1456.. They bought cloth, beads, mirrors and liquor to sell.. They exchanged these for gold dust, hides, ivory and slaves.. They built trading stations along the estuary of the River Gambia and on the banks of the Bintang Creek.. The English:.. When the English traders heard about the Portuguese trade in Africa they wanted to participate.. Their ships came to West Africa to buy gold and spices, but the Portuguese prevented them from coming to The Gambia.. The English return to trade in the Gambia hundred years later at the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I(1558 - 1603).. The Latvians:.. - James Island.. A Latvian, Duke of Courland, was interested in the trade along The river Gambia.. In 1651 the Duchy gained its first colony in Africa, St.. Andrews Island up The Gambia River and established a fort there.. The main export  ...   1807, the Royal accent was given to a bill which prescribed that from January 1'st 1808 all manners of dealing and trading of Slaves in Africa or in their transportation from Africa to any other place was to be utterly abolished, prohibited and declared to be unlawful and enacted penalties for dealing in slaves.. The act was promptly enforced by the British Navy as soon as it came into operation.. The majority of British slavers found it impossible to escape the vigilance of British cruisers and thought a few bold spirits endeavored for a few years to risk the possibility of capture, the increased penalties prescribed by an amending act of 1811 more or less effectively put an end to British speculation mal practices in Slave Trade.. The River Gambia.. had been recognized by the peace of Versailles in 1783 as a British possession and the abolition Act of 1807 therefore made slave traffic on the river illegal and unlawful.. At that point, the majority of the British merchants and settlers on the river were concerned it may said that they accepted the decision from parliament and at once relinquished the traffic but difficulties arose with foreign slavers visiting the river.. So long as Great Britain and France were at war, the French.. Traffic on the river was precarious due to the risk of capture at high seas, but as late as 1810 a.. French vessel managed to ship cargo of slaves at Sika near Albreda.. The more extensive speculators.. In the Traffic were however the Americans, Portugese and Spanish though the United States Government had passed an Act in 1807 which prohibited the further importation of slaves from abroad, a number of American citizens still continued to carry on the Trade under Spanish colors while such trader always ran the risk of capture by British cruisers near the River's Mouth.. The necessary limited number of ships patrolling the coast was insufficient to establish an effective blockade and foreign slavers were often to elude the vigilance of the British and to carry the cargoes safely across the Atlantic.. How The Gambia became a British colony.. The Gambia was part of a large British colony known as the Province of Senegambia with covered present day Senegal and The Gambia.. It's capital was St.. Louis on the River Senegal.. It was the first British colony in Africa.. In 1779 the French captured the Senegal part of the region and the British agreed to base their trade around Bathurst and First James instead.. In 1821, The Gambia became a Cron Colony attached to the British colony of Sierra Leone.. In 1843, the parts of the Gambia ruled by Britain were again seperated from Sierra Leone.. The rest of what is now called The Gambia.. The Gambia became a British Protectorate in 1888.. You can also read some more history from Momodou Camara's page.. About The Gambia..

    Original link path: /history.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: National Anthem
    Descriptive info: The Gambia National Anthem.. Sing along!.. For The Gambia, our homeland.. We strive and work and pray,.. That all may live in unity,.. Freedom and peace each day.. Let justice guide our actions.. Towards the common good,.. And join our diverse peoples.. To prove man's brotherhood.. We pledge our firm allegiance,.. Our promise we renew;.. Keep us, great God of nations,.. To The Gambia ever true.. For a better sound recording, download.. anthem.. wav 627K..

    Original link path: /anthem.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: Gambia Language Resources
    Descriptive info: Wolof and Mandinka Resources.. The following files are available for the study of the Mandinka and Wolof languages.. You have to get Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.. Adobe® Acrobat® Reader® is free software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF).. Note: WEC also has a few good books on the Mandinka language.. Contact: WEC; PO Box 2351; Serrekunda; Gambia Golf Rd 14; Fajara; The Gambia; Tel 495221; Fax 391137.. And don't forget to check the.. online bibliography.. for other printed language materials.. Mandinka Dictionary.. by Ebrima Colley, Peace Corps, 1995.. The Mandinka-English Dictionary is 162 pages long, and is available in PDF format.. mandinka.. pdf.. - 1.. 1 MB.. Mandinka Grammar Manual.. The Mandinka Grammar Manual is 44 pages long and is available in PDF format.. mandgram.. - 183 KB.. Mandinka Fonts.. - Download and extract contents in the fonts folder.. Wolof Dictionary.. by Sierra Dem, Peace Corps, 1995.. The Wolof-English Dictionary is 76 pages long, and is available in PDF format.. wollof.. - 620 KB.. Wolof Grammar Manual.. by Sierra Dem, Peace Corps, 1995.. The Wolof Grammar Manual is 73 pages long and is available in PDF format.. wolfgram.. - 250 KB.. Living Lexicon Database.. Living Lexicon is a training database of Mandinka and Wolof vocabulary.. It is available in.. MS Access.. format and.. FoxBase Mac+.. format.. (The MS Access version is much nicer.. Living Lexicon for MS Access.. Living Lexicon for MS Access is a user-friendly database application of Mandinka and Wolof vocabulary.. It was created by volunteers and staff of the Peace Corps in The Gambia.. With Living Lexicon you can:.. look up words.. print or export customized vocabulary lists.. edit vocabulary or add new vocabulary.. test your knowledge of Mandinka and Wolof by creating and taking fun-filled randomly-generated quizzes, which can be either printed or taken on the computer.. Access 2.. 0.. Access 95.. Access 97.. Hardware-Software Requirements.. To run this version of Living Lexicon, your computer must have Microsoft Access 2.. 0 for Windows.. For best performance you should also have at least 8MB RAM.. To install all the files (including the optional sound effects) you will need 5.. 5 MB of free hard disk space.. To install only the minimum files  ...   do of course also need a sound card to hear the sounds.. Please note the sounds effects are.. not.. recordings of spoken Wolof or Mandinka.. The sound files are available as a self-extracting archive called.. sounds.. - 700 KB.. Living Lexicon for Access Users Manual.. The Living Lexicon for Access help manual has some basic tips for using Living Lexicon for Access.. It is saved as a compressed (i.. e.. , zipped) MS Word 6.. 0 document and is available as.. lex_manl.. zip.. - 16 KB.. Living Lexicon for FoxBase/Mac+.. Living Lexicon for FoxBase/Mac+ is a user friendly application that can be used to edit Mandinka and Wolof vocabulary, print or export lists of words, or take fun-filled randomly generated quizzes.. Online help is available.. To use this version of Living Lexicon, you must have a Macintosh computer with FoxBase 2.. 1 or later installed.. There are actually three files to download in order to run Living Lexicon for FoxBase/Mac+:.. Application.. - saved as.. LivingLexicon.. - 184 KB.. After extracting, open.. Living Lexicon.. prg.. from FoxBase.. Mandinka data.. MandinkaData.. - 308 KB.. Expand into same directory as the application files.. Wolof Data.. WollofData.. - 155 KB.. Expand into same directory as application files.. Note: to decompress.. zip.. files you need Winzip available from.. http://www.. shareware.. com.. PDF File Format.. -- PDF stands for Portable Document Format.. This is a very common format for documents available on the internet.. The advantage of the PDF format is that you can be almost 100% guaranteed that you will be able to view and print out the document in the same format it is supposed to be, without having to worry about what type of computer you have (Mac or IBM) or what fonts you have.. The disadvantage of the PDF format is that you have to get a separate program to open the PDF file, because word processors such as MS Word or Word Perfect can not open PDF files.. But the good news is that this special program, called the.. Adobe Acrobat Reader.. , is free and there are versions for both the Macintosh and IBM.. Having problems downloading or printing?.. Send me a note.. , and we'll see what we can do to help..

    Original link path: /langabot.htm
    Open archive

  • Title: Word Searches
    Descriptive info: Word Searches.. Choose your word search:.. Wolof words.. Mandinka words..

    Original link path: /wordsearch/wordsearch.htm
    Open archive


  • Archived pages: 183